Letter from the Ukrainian Astronomical Association to the astronomical community of Ukraine and the world on the planned holding of the All-Russian Astronomical Conference in Yalta in September 2017
The non-governmental organization “Ukrainian Astronomical Association” (UAA) would like to bring the consolidated position of the UAA Council on the decision of the Scientific Council for Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) as concerns with the holding of the All-Russian Astronomical Conference (BAK-2017) in Yalta, Crimea, on September 17-22, 2017.
We consider that the organization of scientific conferences in the illegal annexed Crimea is an element of the hybrid war led by the Russian Federation against Ukraine. It is obvious that the members of the Scientific Council for Astronomy of RAS could not fail to know the position of Ukraine, the European Union, the United States and other countries regarding the status of the annexed Crimea as well as sanctions against organizations and individuals visiting the Crimea bypassing the current legislation of Ukraine and the UN decision. Participation in such conferences of astronomers from Ukraine and the world will testify to their support for the annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation.
We express concern with such decision of the Scientific Council for Astronomy of RAS and hope that it does not reflect the position of the majority of Russian astronomers, with whom we cooperated and, we hope, will have fruitful cooperation.
We urge the astronomers of Ukraine and the world, which are worthy of universal values, not to participate in scientific astronomical conferences organized on the territory of the annexed Crimea.
On behalf of the UAA Council,
UAA President, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Main Astronomical Observatory of NAS of Ukraine was founded July 17, 1944 on the initiative of famous scientist, astronomer and geophysicist O.Ya. Orlov (1880 - 1954). It is located 12 km from the center of Kyiv Holosiiv forest (hence its unofficial name - Holosiivska).
Observatory was headed by Acad. of USSR Academy of Sciences O.Ya.Orlov (1944 - 1948 and 1951 - 1952); Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences V.P. Tsesevych (1948 - 1951), Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences A.A. Yakovkin (1952 - 1959), Academician of UkSSR Academy of Sciences E.P. Fedorov (1959 - 1973), Ph.D. I.K. Koval (1973 - 1975). Since 1975 the Observatory of NAS of Ukraine has been headed by Academician of NAS of Ukraine Yaroslav Stepanovich Yatskiv.
Observatory takes leading place in many areas of astronomy, such as the study of Earth's rotation and construction of coordinate systems in space, physics photosphere of the Sun and solar system formation and evolution of stars and galaxies, and others.
In the MAO the Post-graduate and Specialized Scientific Council for doctoral and master's theses in physics and mathematics works in the fields:
GAO publishes magazines "Physics and Kinematics of Celestial Bodies", "Space science and technology" and the annual "Astronomical Calendar"
Achievements of Observatory scientists more than once winned State awards and medals of the USSR and Ukraine in the field of science and technology, awards of NAS of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, international awards, among them "Dr. Demyaniv Foundation. For peace and freedom of Ukraine" and EU Descartes Prize 2003, the medal named. Yuri Gagarin and the Order "For Merit".
In 2004, MAO was awarded by Certificate of Honor of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in connection with 60 - anniversary of MAO and the minor planet number 15675 was named "Holosyeyevo" in honor of Holosiivska Observatory.
Observatory has six academic departments: physics of stars and galaxies, astrometry and space geodynamics, space plasma physics, physics of planetary systems, solar physics, physics of minor celestial bodies and laboratories for atmospheric optics, for transient phenomena in stars and for instrumentation as well as Astro/Space Information and Computing Centre (ASICC).
Moon craters were named after O.Ya.Orlov, A.O.Yakovkin, I.V.Gavrilov
Minir planets are name after MAO scientists: №2724 «Orlov», №2728 «Yatskiv», №3965 «Konoplyova», №3966 «Shulnazaria» (in honor of L.M.Shulman and G.K.Nazarchuk), №7628 «Yevgenyfedorov» (in honor of Ye.P.Fedorov), №14346 «Zhylyayev».
The State Prize of Ukraine in the field of science and technology:
1983: Ye.P.Fedorov, Ya.S.Yatskiv, I.V.Gavrilov, D.P.Duma, V.S.Kislyk, A.O.Korsun', A.M.Kurianova for the cycle of work: «Development of the theory and practical construction of coordinate systems for geodynamic, selenodetic and space research»
1986: V.G. Parusimov in the group of authors for the work «Analogous and digital processing of astronomic observations»
1998: D.Ya. Yatskiv in the group of authors for the work «Physical bases, development and creation of highly stable laser systems for metrology, analytical measurements and fundamental research»
2003: Yu.Yu. Balega (SAO RAS), Ye.A. Gurtovenko, M.V. Karpov, R.R. Kondratyuk, R.I. Kostyk, O.V. Morozhenko, O.V. Sergeyev, V.K. Taradiy., E.G. Yanovitsky, Ya.S.Yatskiv for the cycle of researches «Development of the theoretical bases and unique observational framework in Holosiiv and Terskol for studies of the Sun and Solar System Bodies»
The State Prize of the USSR in the field of science and technology:
1986: Ya.S. Yatskiv in the group of authors for the development of the scientific complex of the space mission to Halley's Comet.
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